Jibreel Khazan (Ezell Blair, Jr.) was born in Greensboro, North Carolina on October 18, 1941. There, he and three fellow students -- Ezell Blair Jr., Franklin McCain and David Richmond -- became inspired with the non-violent teachings that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was spreading. in sociology in 1963. In 1968, he became a member of the New England Islamic Center and took on his present name. By the spring of 1960 the sit-in movement spread to 54 cities in nine states in the South. Why were they sitting in? Copyright: Jack Moebes/Corbis. What college did the men attend? 1919. Digital archive created and designed by the Robert Penn Warren Center for the Humanities at Vanderbilt University. The four men were all connected with one common goal: to change the discriminatory and racist attitudes at the local diner, Woolworth. [3] In 1963, Khazan graduated from A&T College with a Bachelor's degree in sociology and Social Studies. [3][8] Today Khazan is an oral historian, oracle, Mass-Star Story teller and lecturer. David: I’d like to buy these, please.. Store Clerk: That’s 50 cents.. N3: David pays and takes his receipt. He continued his education at Massachusetts University and later at the New England Conservatory of Music, where he studied voice.[7]. Woolworth's. It had mahogany counters with glass dividers and glass-fronted showcases. Jibreel Khazan (Ezell Blair Jr.), Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil and David Richmond, better known collectively as the A&T Four, staged a sit-in at a whites-only Woolworth’s lunch Counter in downtown … N1: In the South in the 1950s, Jim Crow laws kept black Americans from having the same rights as other people. Notes about review of interview transcripts with Carmichael, Ezell Blair, Lucy Thornton, and Jean Wheeler. [11], North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, "Civil Rights Greensboro: Jibreel Khazan", University of North Carolina at Greensboro, "Jibreel Khazan (Formerly Ezell Blair Jr.)", "Oral History Interview with Jibreel Khazan by William Chafe :: Civil Rights Greensboro", "Ezell Blair, Stokely Carmichael, Lucy Thornton and Jean Wheeler | Who Speaks for the Negro? It happened 61 years ago today. On February 1, 1960, four sophomores at the North Carolina Agricultural & Technical College in Greensboro—Ezell Blair, Jr., Joseph McNeil, David Richmond, and Franklin McCain—entered the local Woolworth’s and sat … Ezell Blair Jr. - Ezell was born in Greensboro and chose to study locally at N.C. A&T. The four North Carolina A & T students are (L-R): David Richmond, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr., and Joseph McNeil. It was said that when he experienced unjust treatment based on color, he "stood up." Ezell Sr. became one of the early members of the NAACP in Greensboro. So that’s what we have to do too. The Greensboro Sit-Ins were non-violent protests in Greensboro, North Carolina, which lasted from February 1, 1960 to July 25, 1960. [9] In 2010, Khazan was the recipient of the James Smithson Bicentennial Medal from the Smithsonian Institution. None of the young men said anything or did anything in response to the reaction. The store was brightly … In 1965, he moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he worked as a teacher and counselor for the developmentally challenged. Name of restaurant. must resemble looks to the real Ezell Blair, JR. (see attatched picture). He later moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. The courage that Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond and Franklin McClain displayed 60 years ago is why Feb.1 is celebrated year after year. They were inspired by … As he had been labeled a "troublemaker" for his role in the Greensboro Sit-Ins, life in Greensboro became difficult for Khazan. Ezell Blair Jr. (now The Apostle Jibreel Khazan), Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil and David Richmond, students at North Carolina A&T, did just that 50 years ago, on Feb. 1, when they sat down at the whites-only Woolworth’s lunch … N2: They enter the store.David picks out some pencils and goes to check out. Angry at how black people were treated in America. The college students consisted of Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr. and David Richmond. What was the name of one of the 4 men? Name of restaurant. As he had been labeled a "troublemaker" for his role in the Greensboro Sit-Ins, life in Greensboro became difficult for Khazan. hARRis: manager of woolworth’s coUNtER mAiD cUstomER policE oFFicER Jo spivEY : a female news reporter BEttYE: a black college student *Starred characters are major roles. In 1960, four African American college students – Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond, Franklin McCain and Joseph McNeil – were attending the North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College. Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr., and David Richmond enrolled as freshmen at North Carolina A&T University, and they soon became best friends. The name of the College was changed to "Negro Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina" by an Act of the General Assembly. He later moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. He settled in New Bedford, MA with his wife and had three children. Ahmed 2 behind the lunch counter had no problem with segregation, but his presence underscores the absurd logic of a system in which African-Americans were considered human enough to work at Woolworth’s but not human enough to eat there. clemm1278. The courage that Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond and Franklin McClain displayed 60 years ago is why Feb.1 is celebrated year after year. McNeil says of the sit–ins… “they were just doing what was right” In 1963, Dr. McNeil earned a Bachelor of Science in engineering physics from A&T and was commissioned a second lieutenant through the Air Force ROTC program on June 1, 1963. Khazan was born Ezell A. Blair Jr. on October 18, 1941 in Greensboro, North Carolina. In 1968, he joined the Islamic Center of New England and changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. On February 1, 1960 McCain, David Richmond, Jibreel Khazan (formerly Ezell Blair Jr.) and Joseph McNeil, all N.C. A&T freshmen at the time, asked to be served at the F.W. Martin Luther King Jr. … The men, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond, Franklin McCain and Joseph McNeil, who would become known as the A&T Four or the Greensboro Four, had purchased toothpaste and other products from a desegregated counter at the store with no problems, but were then refused service at the store's lunch counter when they each asked for a cup of coffee. GREENSBORO, N.C. — North Carolina A&T State University honored four students Monday who took a seat to stand up against racism. The protests led to the Woolworth Department Store chain ending its policy of racial segregation in its stores in the southern United States. A group of four North Carolina A&T freshmen took a stand against racism and forever changed history. Woolworth's. McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr. (who later changed his name to Jibreel Khazan), Franklin Eugene McCain and David Leinall Richmond were freshmen at N.C. A&T State University, an historically black campus of the state university system in Greensboro. Why were they sitting in? Today Khazan is an oral historian, oracle, Mass-Star Story teller and lecturer. Change Segregation Policies. In 1991, Khazan received an honorary doctorate of humanities degree from North Carolina A&T State University. The world remembers the Greensboro Four by name; McNeil; McCain; Ezell Blair, Jr.; and David Richmond, because they … “I’m […] “I’m […] GREENSBORO, N.C. Woolworth's. A group of four North Carolina A&T … In 1968, he joined the Islamic Center of New England and changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. Dr. Jibreel Khazan (Ezell Blair Jr.) is one of the original four who took part in the Woolworth sit-ins and a Greensboro native. Ella Baker (SNCC) President John F. Kennedy . In February 1960, while an 18 year-old freshman at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College (A&T), Blair and three other students began a sit-in protest at the lunch counter of a Woolworth’s store in Greensboro, North Carolina. *Ezell Blair Jr., 18 Store Clerk Waitress Mr. Harris, store manager Customer Police Officer Jo Spivey, a news reporter; PROLOGUE. Choose from 29 different sets of greensboro sit in flashcards on Quizlet. ", "FebruaryOne: The Story of the Greensboro Four", "50 years later, Greensboro Four get Smithsonian award for civil rights actions", Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County, John F. Kennedy's speech to the nation on Civil Rights, Chicago Freedom Movement/Chicago open housing movement, Green v. County School Board of New Kent County, Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, Council for United Civil Rights Leadership, Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, List of lynching victims in the United States, Spring Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument, School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, Southeastern Universities Research Association, Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina Historic District, International Civil Rights Center and Museum, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ezell_Blair_Jr.&oldid=1001223042, Activists for African-American civil rights, North Carolina A&T State University alumni, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 19:46. Ezell Blair, Sr. and his wife, Corene, were the parents of Jibreel Khazan, (Ezell A. Blair Jr.) one of the four North Carolina A&T State University students who participated in the first sit-in at the Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro on February 1, 1960. Martin Luther King Jr.’s inspirational appeal for peaceful change in the city of Greensboro in 1958, however, planted the seed for a more assertive civil rights movement. The college students consisted of Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr. and David Richmond. (No photographers were allowed into Woolworth's during this first protest; this is the only photo of all four original protesters together.). In one remarkable day, four college freshmen changed the course of American history. His father, Ezell Alexander Blair, Sr. was a Greensboro educator. It wont … Monday marks 61 years since Jibreel Khazan (formerly known as Ezell Blair Jr.), Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil, and David Richmond, known as the A&T Four, staged a sit-in at the segregated Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro. Franklin McCain (left) and Jibreel Khazan (formerly Ezell Blair Jr.) (right) talk before the start of a ceremony honoring the Greensboro Four in front of the February One monument on the N.C. The courage that Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond and Franklin McClain displayed 60 years ago is why Feb.1 is celebrated year after year. "[5], In 1959, Khazan graduated from James B. Dudley High School, and entered the A&T College of North Carolina. To link to this object, paste this link in email, IM or document To embed this object, paste this HTML in website It is for this same significance that we recognize men like Ezell Blair, Jr., Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil, and David Richmond, because they did more than demand a cup of coffee; they demanded that the world be an all inclusive place. After graduation, He briefly studied law at Howard University Law School in Washington, DC. Ezell Blair By: Raechel Thomson 1) Tell me about yourself. Wally McNamee/Corbis via Getty Images. Original materials provided by the University of Kentucky and Yale University libraries and digitized with the permission of the Warren estate. What was the name of one of the 4 men? in 1965. In 1965, he moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he worked as a teacher and counselor for the developmentally challenged. After graduating from A&T in 1963, Blair encountered difficulties finding a job in his native Greensboro. Woolworth's. They knew they would be. The Junior Unit of Army R.O.T.C. In 1965, he moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he worked as a teacher and counselor for the developmentally challenged. A mob. After the war, his father returned home a changed man. The senior Blair was very vocal on the subject of racial injustices and would be an early influence on his son. N1: The next day, the boys stand outside Woolworth’s in their best clothes.. Joe: My heart is pounding.. David: Remember that whatever happens, we don’t fight back.We don’t talk back. Ezell Blair, Sr. and his wife, Corene, were the parents of Jibreel Khazan, (Ezell A. Blair Jr.) one of the four North Carolina A&T State University students who participated in the first sit-in at the Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro on February 1, 1960. Martin Luther King Jr.’s inspirational appeal for peaceful change in the city of Greensboro in 1958, however, planted the seed for a more assertive civil rights movement. Ezell Blair's Childhood (02:45) Ezell Blair Jr. was born on the eve of WWII. Jibreel Khazan (born Ezell Alexander Blair Jr.; October 18, 1941) is a civil rights activist who is best known as a member of the Greensboro Four, a group of African American college students who, on February 1, 1960, sat down at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter in downtown Greensboro, North Carolina challenging the store's policy of denying service to non-white customers. The college students consisted of Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr. and David Richmond. While a student at A&T, Khazan was president of the junior class, … [6], The sit-in demonstrations were just the beginning of Khazan's community involvement. During this time, Frank was expanding with more stores. Blair then moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he became a member of the New England Islamic Center in 1968 and took on his present name of Jibreel Khazan. What college did the men attend? Khazan received his early education from Dudley High School; where his father, taught. Woolworth’s store. In addition … Ezell Blair, Jr., Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil and David Richmond walked into downtown Greensboro around 4:30 p.m. and “sat-in” at the “whites only” lunch counter at F.W. After long discussions in their dormitory, the four decided to protest at the F.W. He relocated to New Bedford, Mass. As he had been labeled a "troublemaker" for his role in the Greensboro Sit-Ins, life in Greensboro became difficult for Khazan. It happened 61 years ago today. GREENSBORO, N.C. — On February 1, 1960, four Black North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University students took a bold and non-violent step against segregation. In today’s times, despite threats of gentrification I see greater opportunity in unification. McNeil remembered, “We would get together and discuss current events, political events, things that affected us–pretty much as college kids do today… The question became, ‘What do we do and … Ezell Blair Jr. was the son of a teacher who received his B.S. At that speech, King called for an escalation of nonviolent protests to end segregated accommodation. I am a Civil Rights activist. The four men were all connected with one common goal: to change the discriminatory and racist attitudes at the local diner, Woolworth. A group of four North Carolina A&T freshmen took a stand against racism and forever changed history. The “Greensboro Four,” as they came to be known, acted to challenge the lunch counter’s refusal to serve African Americans. [5] Khazan stated that he had seen a documentary on Mohandas Gandhi's use of "passive insistence" that had inspired him to act. in sociology in 1963. In the fall of 1959 four young men met on the campus of North Carolina A&T. in sociology from North Carolina A&T State University in 1963. was inaugurated. The courage that Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond and Franklin McClain displayed 60 years ago is why Feb.1 is celebrated year after year. [1][2], Khazan was born Ezell Alexander Blair Jr. on October 18, 1941 in Greensboro, North Carolina. He was a student government leader. The four men were all connected with one common goal: to change the discriminatory and racist attitudes at the local diner, Woolworth. Kathryn_Laser TEACHER. because of his reputation as being “one of those four troublemakers”, despite a Bachelor Degree in sociology. Blair was … These four young men forever changed the course of history by their bravery and courage. He was a student government leader. The protests and the subsequent events were major milestones in the Civil Rights Movement. Khazan received his early education from Dudley High School, where his father taught. (Courtesy of Greensboro News and Record) Of course, they were refused service. Ezell A. Blair, Jr. (now Jibreel Khazan), Franklin E. McCain, Joseph A. McNeil, and David L. Richmond leave the Woolworth store after the first sit-in on February 1, 1960. Each of the participants in the sit-in had different catalysts, but it is clear that the four men had a close friendship that mutually reinforced their desire to act. mARtiN lUthER KiNg JR. t hE gREENsBoRo FoUR, 17-year-old college freshmen *EzEll BlAiR JR. *JoE mcNEil *DAviD RichmoND *FRANKliN mccAiN cAshiER WAitREss m R . On February 1, 1960, Blair, along with McNeil, Franklin and Richmond, took the bold step of violating the Greensboro Woolworth's segregation policy. "[5] Khazan also recalls an American Civics teacher, Mrs. McCullough, who told her class “We’re preparing you for the day when you will have equal rights.”[1], He was also influenced by Martin Luther King Jr. [3] His father was a member of the NAACP and very vocal on the subject of racial injustices and "things naturally rubbed off on me", described Khazan in a 1974 interview. chARActERs Ezell Blair, Jr., Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil and David Richmond walked into downtown Greensboro around 4:30 p.m. and "sat-in" at the "whites only" lunch counter at F.W. The photograph above is a portrait of Joseph McNeil and Franklin McCain, two of the four college freshmen whose sit-in fifty years ago at a … [7] In 2002, North Carolina A&T commissioned a statue to be sculpted honoring Khazan, along with the three other members of the A&T four: Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil, and David Richmond. February 1, 1960; included Franklin McCain, David Richmond, Joseph McNeil and Ezell Blair Jr. Greensboro Four Franklin McCain, David Richmond, Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr. Ezell Blair, Jr. Ezell was born in Greensboro, North Carolina, and was working toward a degree in sociology from North Carolina A&T State University. He was president of his junior class, president of the student government association, president of the campus NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), and a leader in the Greensboro … Ezell Blair Jr. North Carolina A&T. By the spring of 1960 the sit-in movement spread to 54 cities in nine states in the South. The Greensboro Four (as they would soon be known) were Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr., and David Richmond, all young black students at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University in their freshman year who often met in their dorm rooms to discuss what they could do to stand against segregation. After graduating from A&T in 1963, Blair encountered difficulties finding a job in his native Greensboro. After graduating from A&T in 1963, Blair encountered difficulties finding a job in his native Greensboro. Woolworth’s store. Ezell Blair Jr. said he remembers the night before the protest and telling his mother about their idea to sit-in at the Woolworth lunch counter in downtown Greensboro. David Richmond (from left), Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr., and Joseph McNeil leave the Woolworth in Greensboro, N.C., where they initiated a lunch-counter sit … Image: Original caption: 2/1/1960 - Greensboro, NC: The participants in the first lunch counter sit-in are shown on the street after leaving the Greensboro, North Carolina Woolworth's by a side exit. Together they have three children. He left because he found it hard to get work because of his sit-in role. Voc sit ins. Jibreel Khazan. 8 Terms. His roommate was Ezell Blair Jr. McNeil was commissioned in the U.S. Air Force in 1964 and was a navigator on the KC-135 Stratotanker air refueling/cargo aircraft. He later moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. After months of brainstorming and preparation, the “sit-in idea” seemed the most … He was captivated as King addressed the audience in attendance. After graduating he moved to Massachusetts. Their daughter Gloria Jean, a student at Bennett College, was also an active participant in demonstrations. Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr., and David Richmond were all freshmen and they were all angry. Jibreel works with developmentally disabled people for the CETA program in New Bedford. Angry at their parents and elders for what they saw as going along with it. [5] His 1964 interview describes the Greensboro sit-ins in Chapter 5 of Who Speaks for the Negro? He was elected president of the junior class, and would later become president of the school's student government association, the campus NAACP and the Greensboro Congress for Racial Equality. In addition, the four men each have residence halls named for them on the university campus. Ezell Blair begins this interview by describing his participation in the Greensboro student sit-in and describes the students... Ezell Blair, Stokely Carmichael, Lucy Thornton and Jean Wheeler. It was during his freshman year that Khazan and his roommate, Joseph McNeil; along with two other associates, Franklin McCain and David Richmond, devised a plan to protest against the policies of the segregated lunch counter at the downtown Greensboro F. W. Woolworth’s store. The Greensboro … Read MoreGreensboro Sit-Ins (1960) But every day they returned to the counter, and day-by-day the numbers of friends and … He moved to Guinea and changed his name to Kwame Ture. In the 1950s, Jim Crow laws were used to treat black people unfairly across America’s South. 22 terms. He graduated from Dudley High School in 1959 and received a B.S. Learn greensboro sit in with free interactive flashcards. On February 1, 1960, 18-year-olds Ezell Blair Jr. (now Jibreel Khazan), Franklin McCain, David Richmond, and Joseph McNeil put their dorm room “bull sessions” into action. Change Segregation Policies. Ezell will stand up for what he believes in, but only when he's told to. Joe and his roommate, Ezell Blair, Jr., one of the A&T Four, lived in Scott Hall their freshman year. My full name is Ezell A. Blair Jr. My fathers name is Ezell Blair Sr, my mothers name is Corene, and my sisters name is Gloria. Ezell Blair Jr. was the son of a teacher who received his B.S. In 1968, he joined the Islamic Center of New England and changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. Robert Penn Warren Center for the Humanities ©2021 |. Activists' plan. Out of this anger a national movement of nonviolence emerged … To feel weary. Image: Original caption: 2/1/1960 - Greensboro, NC: The participants in the first lunch counter sit-in are shown on the street after leaving the Greensboro, North Carolina … 2. Ezell A. Blair, Jr. (1941-  ), referred to as Izell Blair in Who Speaks for the Negro?, is an American civil rights activist. The courage that Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond and Franklin McClain displayed 60 years ago is why Feb.1 is celebrated year after year. Ezell Blair Jr. North Carolina A&T. Sum's approach was different; he worked to perfect the look and feel of his Scranton store. In one remarkable day, four college freshmen changed the course of American history. Greensboro Sit-ins 1960. [4] It was said that when he experienced unjust treatment based on color, he "stood up. N2: … King's words had made a huge impact with Khazan, so much so that he later remarked that "he could feel his heart palpitating" and that the words of King "brought tears to his eyes. Starting in the fall of 1959, the young men held a meeting in their dorm rooms every evening concerning ways of challenging segregation. Khazan works with developmentally disabled people for the CETA program in New Bedford, Mass. After his move, Ezell went on to study law at the … None of the young men said anything or did anything in response to the reaction. [10], Khazan is married to the former Lorraine France George of New Bedford. To straggle. Change Segregation Policies. The four protesters were North Carolina A&T College students David Richmond, Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, and Ezell Blair, Jr. Two years earlier Blair had attended a King speech at Bennett College in Greensboro (Jibreel Khazan [Ezell Blair, Jr.], Interview by William H. Chafe, 27 November 1974; see also Introduction in Papers 4:38). He also changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. Probably more humorous one of the group. By 1887 he used his profits to buy out Sum and expand the store under his name; Sum and Fred remained the best of friends. Jibreel and his … To be deeply. Ezell A. Blair, Jr. (now Jibreel Khazan), Franklin E. McCain, Joseph A. McNeil, and David L. Richmond leave the Woolworth store after the first sit-in on February 1, 1960. Lieutenant Robert L. Campbell was presented a Distinguished Service Cross on the campus of A&T for his service in France. Change Segregation Policies. Carmichael died in Guinea in 1998 of prostate cancer. 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Forever changed history students consisted of Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr. the... 1 ] [ 8 ] today Khazan is an oral historian, oracle, Mass-Star teller. Jr. ) was born in Greensboro became difficult for Khazan he later moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts where! The look and feel of his reputation as being “ one of New! In its stores in the Greensboro Sit-Ins, life in Greensboro, North Carolina on October,... A group of four North Carolina presented a Distinguished service Cross on the of. Very vocal on the University of Kentucky and Yale University libraries and digitized with the permission of James.

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