), White Eagle – son of Iron Whip (has hereditary leadership rites.). The other tribe, which has its own government and tribal lands, is located in Nebraska. See more ideas about native american indians, native american peoples, native american tribes. At first they warred with the Marinara, but later a peace was determined by performing the wa-wan or calumet ceremony. James Owen. July 21st, 2011 Ponca Tribe of Nebraska 114 views. My family, also, includes the late Emily No Ear Kent, and descent from Chief White Eagle and Chief Standing Bear. Occasionally, small elements of the Lakota would sometimes raid the Ponca as well, taking horses or stealing corn they had grown. 1 and Vol. (Fletcher & Laflesche, 1911, p. 218). Vol. It was not until 9 July 1877 that the party passed through Baxter Springs in Southeastern Kansas and crossed the line into the Indian Territory on the lands of the Quapaw Tribe. The Omaha Daily Herald Newspaper publicized the plight of the Ponca group, and it was carried by many other newspapers across the country. Free Genealogy » Native American » Ponca Indian Bands, Gens and Clans. By 1770, the Omaha had migrated to a site on Omaha Creek to build a fortified earth lodge village by themselves which they called “Big Village” in present day Thurston County, Nebraska. Over The Land's Band – 73 persons Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. It sorrows me to read the treatment the Native American tribes received from our government. The Ponca were suffering from malaria in this new country and many died from it. The grandson of an Osage Indian, author Louis Burns wrote this primer to help persons of Osage descent trace their paternal lineage and to introduce researchers to Osage culture and the nuances of its language. The Ponca were never a large tribe; an early estimate places their number at 800 individuals. Although Standing Bear and his followers were freed in the spring of 1879, they had no home to return to in Nebraska. (James, 1823, p. 225), During the war of 1812, the Ponca and the Omaha allied with the United States, while the Sauk, who held territories northeast of the Omaha, allied with the British. “The Omaha Tribe”. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. (Howard, 1965, p. 35). Black Crow's Band – 90 persons In addition, 350 head of cattle, and 600 horses were recorded, along with wagons that had been provided. Drum – principle chief of Fish Smell Village. Bureau of American Ethnology, bulletin 195, Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. Howard, Dr. James H. 1970. However, Gen. Crook caught up with Standing Bear and his Ponca followers, took them into custody without incident, and began escorting them back to Indian Territory. Yes folks, please read the book entitled “I AM A Man” by Joe Starita. Peter Wilson, acting on behalf of Maj. Benjamin O’Fallon, visited a group of Ponca at the mouth of the Niobrara River. By 1950 the U.S. Government formulated a policy which called for the dissolving and termination of all Indian Tribes. When these cited figures above are added, the total comes to 600 persons accounted for. Dorsey arranged the group in two subdivisions: the Quapaw or Lower Dhegiha, consisting of the Quapaw only; and the Omaha, or Upper Dhegiha, including with the Omaha, the Osage, Kansa, and Ponca. 3. The Northern Ponca Tribe was terminated in 1962, joining more than 100 tribes that lost their status as a result of federal termination policy. Federal troops were called in to enforce the removal orders, and by May 1877, the Ponca had begun their forced migration to “the hot country.”. We took their land as our own with very little regard for their human rights We should be ashamed for their treatment.That was not what this country is supposed to stand for. 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